To add stake for the first time, you can either Become a Candidate or Become a Delegator, depending on whether you want to create your own pool (become a candidate) or stake into an existing pool (become a delegator).
To add additional stake:
1) Ensure you have enough STAKE to stake and xDai to complete a transaction. Once you have become a candidate or delegator, you can stake any amount, as long as the total remains above the minimum STAKE amount.
2) To add, click on the stake icon
A modal will appear with information about the pool on the right, and your balance and token information on the left. You will see your current stake amount as well as your balance information.
3) Enter in the amount you would like to stake and click Stake More (if you have not staked into this previously, the button will say Place Stake). You can add additional stake in any amount to the pool at any time.
4) Assuming your stake amount is valid (you have sufficient funds, your stake per pool is above the minimum requirements etc.), you will be directed to complete the transaction using the web3 wallet interface.
5) Once you have placed or added stake, you can move pending stake to another pool or withdraw pending stake at any time during the current staking epoch*. When the epoch concludes, a new validators set is chosen.
If the pool you placed stake on becomes a validator pool, then this stake is committed to the protocol for the next epoch. You will earn xDai rewards based on your percentage of stake in the pool. You cannot withdraw this stake immediately, but can order for withdrawal. This request will be processed at the end of the current epoch, and funds will be available during the next staking epoch.
If the pool you placed stake on is not chosen as a validator pool, you can withdraw or move your funds at any time* during the next epoch.